Frederic Bartlett was a British psychologist who specialised in experimental psychology at the University of Cambridge. He is most famous for an experiment called “War of the Ghosts” (1932), which demonstrated the constructive nature of memory and the influence of cultural schemas. While the study is often quoted, there are some misconceptions about the procedures employed. The infographic below (please click to enlarge) shows how the study was conducted and then evaluates it. This is a very useful study to illustrate your understanding of the schema theory.

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This post was inspired by Dr Barbara Ostrowska.